What is blepharoplasty?
A blepharoplasty is an eyelid correction; a surgical procedure to remove excess skin and to add or remove fat from the eyelids.
Blepharoplasty aims to improve the appearance of the upper, lower or both eyelids. Excess skin, muscle and fat on the upper eyelid can create a heavy or puffy eyelid that contributes to an aged appearance and can sometimes even block vision. Blepharoplasty is performed to remove this excess tissue and can improve both vision and appearance.
When is an eyelid correction necessary?
Our skin loses elasticity as we age and the facial skin is particularly likely to be affected as it’s continuously exposed to the environmental elements. The eyes are often the first place to show signs of ageing because the skin around them is so fine. When the thinning skin loses its elasticity, it creates folds which will gradually be pulled downwards, producing the effect of hooding.
Heavy and loose hanging eyelids are the primary reason why people consider blepharoplasty. As the skin around the eyes stretches and muscles weaken, collapsing or hooding can become more prominent. This may be a hereditary condition that runs in your family.
There are also functional reasons for people to consider a blepharoplasty. Irritation from folds of excess eyelid skin rubbing together, difficulty wearing glasses or contact lenses and eyelid
skin coming into your visual fields can in some cases require a functional eyelid surgery.
While blepharoplasty can be expected to correct certain conditions permanently, such as removing and tightening excess eyelid skin, you will still experience the effects of ageing. Blepharoplasty does not lift eyebrows or reduce crow’s feet or dark circles.
Prior to blepharoplasty, the patient and the doctor should have a detailed discussion about the surgery and its potential risks. The preoperative consultation is an important interaction between the patient and the physician where all aspects are evaluated and questions will be discussed.
A treatment plan will then be developed to best suit the patient’s individual needs and this includes the doctor prescribing preoperative instructions. The patient should follow these carefully and thoroughly to improve the chances of a speedy recovery and to reduce the risk of surgical complications.